GRASSES AND SEDGE

This is a sedge

The sedge that was listed here had a closed sheath and triangular stems. They were hard to see so you had to get up close with them to determine that it was a sedge.

Grass

This grass has an open leaf sheath that overlap each other. The stems arent triangular.

INVASIVES

This is the yellow jewelweed. The scientific name is (Impatiens pallida). Jewelweed was used by the Native Americans for itching ailments. It is from Eastern North America. They are successful because of their ability to colonize so fast. They threaten disturbed habitats as well as marshes and bogs. Control measures have not been taken for this invasive.

This is the American Pokeweed. Its scientific name is (Phytolacca americana). It is from Eastern North America. Soldiers during the civil war would use pokeweed as ink to write letters. Prevention has been done and its to look for pokeweed seeds to stop dispersal. Their roots grow very long and can take over the root system around it. The roots are poisonous themselves. It effects pastures and other open environments.

MONOCOTS AND EUDICOTS

This is Star of Bethlehem. It is a monocot, they have petals and flower parts in threes. It also has narrow leaves and have linear leaves. They also have a single cotyledon.

This is the common periwinkle. This is a eudicot. They dont have petals in three and the flower parts aren’t in 3. It has 2 cotyledons.

PLANT ANIMAL INTERACTION

This plant uses its bright and vibrant color to attract animals to disperse its pollen and get other plants pollinated.

This is the Black Walnut. Its seeds fall to the ground and it relies on deer or other bigger animals to break them open. They are able to attract animals by the sweet smell of the nut casing.

FIELD TRIP 2

MOSSES

This is Amblystegium varium. It is an acrocarp. This is an acrocarp with lance like leaves. I think its this moss because the shape of the moss is what it looks like on the moss website.

this is Anacamptodon splachnoides. This moss is a pleurocarp. This is a pleurocarp with sickle shaped leaves. I think its this moss because when i look at its leaves they are in the shape of a sickle. I also referenced it to the website and it looks closely related.

Spinulose woodfern. tripinnate, and monomorphic with respect to spore production.

This is the Christmas Fern also known as the Dagger fern.Christmas fern has a pinnate frond dissection type. The frond is heteromorphic, with terminal leaflets bearing sporangia.

THREATS TO TREES

This is Diplocarpon rosaewhich. This fungus infects the leaves which depletes the amount of sunlight that the tree gets eventually killing the tree.

This is from the emerald ash-bore. This bug lays eggs on the bark disrupting the nutrient uptake which then kills the tree. You can tell a tree has been affected by it from the trails it leaves on the tree.

SHRUBS

This is the Frosted Hawthorn. Its scientific name is (Crataegus pruinosa). The leaf complexity is simple and the leaf arrangement is alternate. This shrub can be found in just about any soil!

This is maple leaf viburnum the scientific name is (Viburnum acerifolium). This shrub can be found on the sides of trails and near semi wet soil. From what i have seen it likes to grow in clumps. The leaf arrangement is opposite and the leaf complexity is simple. These plants benefit wildlife greatly!