For this assignment I explored Glen Echo Park and the Ohio State University campus in order to find four flowering and four fruit-bearing plants. For each flowering plant, Newcomb’s wildflower guide was used to aid in identification. Any other sources used are listed beneath each plant.
1. late goldenrod – Solidago altissima
Late goldenrod has a yellow flowering capitula, including ray and disc flowers, and 8-10 of these are oriented in bracts. It is actinomorphic (radially symmetric), has 5 stamens that are fused together by the anthers, 5 petals, and has a syncarpous gynoecium that is perigynous and made up of 2 carpels. It has panicle inflorescence. I found this plant along a creek, in a field.
2. pinkweed – Persicaria pensylvanica
Pinkweed has clustered pink flowers oriented in a raceme inflorescence. It is actinomorphic (radially symmetric), has 5 tepals, and 8 stamens. It exhibits a hypogynous gynoecium that is syncarpous and made up of 3 carpels. I found this plant in the forest understory, and it was very common, especially along the trails.
3. pale jewelweed – Impatiens pallida
Pale jewelweed has yellow flowers with 5 petals: one that protrudes out like a hood, two lateral, and two underneath that flare out. It exhibits a solitary inflorescence. There are 3 sepals, 5 stamens, and 1 pistil. It has zygomorphic (bilateral) symmetry and an apocarpous gynoecium that is perigynous. I found this plant along a creek in the forest understory.
Rose-Of-Sharon – Hibisucus syriaca
Rose-Of-Sharon is actinomorphic (radially symmetric) and exhibits a solitary inflorescence. It has 5 petals and 5 sepals, and the androecium is composed of many stamens. The gynoecium is syncarpous, made up of 5 carpels, and epigynous.
1. Eastern redbud – Cercis canadensis
The eastern redbud tree is a beautiful understory tree species found commonly in both gardens and wild areas. It exhibits a solitary and stalked inflorescence and produces a flattened, oblong seed pod (only splits along one side) about 2-4 inches long, which contains 4-10 bean-like seeds.
2. false Solomon’s seal – Maianthemum racemosum
False Solomon’s seal is a wildflower found in cooler, damp areas of a forest. It flowers in late spring (May) and has a panicle inflorescence. It produces berries from early to late fall (September-October) and each berries contains 1-4 seeds that are about 4 mm long.
American beech – Fagus grandifolia
The American beech tree is a common tree in Ohio’s forest ecosystems. It has separate male and female flowers, both of which occur on the tree in late spring, making it monoecious. It has solitary inflorescence and produces a capsule fruit.
4. common privet – Ligustrum vulgare
Common privet is a deciduous shrub native to Europe and Asia that has been commonly planted in landscapes, but escaped cultivation and now can be easily found in wild areas. It has white flowers that exhibit a panicle inflorescence, and produces a drupe fruit.